Asset Turnover: Formula, Calculation, and Interpretation

Though real estate transactions may result in high-profit margins, the industry-wide asset turnover ratio is low. A higher ratio is generally favored as there is the implication that the company is more efficient in generating sales or revenues. A lower ratio illustrates that a company may not be using its assets as efficiently. Asset turnover ratios vary throughout different sectors, so only the ratios of companies that are in the same sector should be compared.

  1. Higher turnover ratios mean the company is using its assets more efficiently.
  2. But comparing the relative asset turnover ratios for AT&T compared with Verizon may provide a better estimate of which company is using assets more efficiently in that industry.
  3. As with other business metrics, the asset turnover ratio is most effective when used to compare different companies in the same industry.

To calculate the ratio in Year 1, we’ll divide Year 1 sales ($300m) by the average between the Year 0 and Year 1 total asset balances ($145m and $156m). Moreover, the company has three types of current assets (cash & cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and inventory) with the following balances as of Year 0. The ratio is meant to isolate how efficiently the company uses its fixed asset base to generate sales (i.e., capital expenditures). Like many other accounting figures, a company’s management can attempt to make its efficiency seem better on paper than it actually is.

What is the Asset Turnover Ratio?

The asset turnover ratio uses the value of a company’s assets in the denominator of the formula. To determine the value of a company’s assets, the average value of the assets for the year needs to first be calculated. A system that began being used during the 1920s to evaluate divisional performance across a corporation, DuPont analysis calculates a company’s return on equity (ROE).

Step 2 of 3

A company with a high asset turnover ratio operates more efficiently as compared to competitors with a lower ratio. The asset turnover ratio measures how effectively a company uses its assets to generate revenue or sales. The ratio compares the dollar amount of sales or revenues to the company’s total assets to measure the efficiency of the company’s operations. The total asset turnover ratio compares the sales of a company to its asset base. The ratio measures the ability of an organization to efficiently produce sales, and is typically used by third parties to evaluate the operations of a business. Ideally, a company with a high total asset turnover ratio can operate with fewer assets than a less efficient competitor, and so requires less debt and equity to operate.

Thus, a sustainable balance must be struck between being efficient while also spending enough to be at the forefront of any new industry shifts. On the flip side, a turnover ratio far exceeding the industry norm could be an indication that the company should be spending more and might be falling behind in terms of development. Over time, positive increases in the turnover ratio can serve as an indication that a company is gradually expanding into its capacity as it matures (and the reverse for decreases across time).

The asset turnover ratio for each company is calculated as net sales divided by average total assets. Step #3 Interpretation
The asset turnover ratio of 4 indicates that for every $1 Dynamic Firms Ltd. has invested in assets, it generates $4 in sales. Thus the company’s asset ratio turnover is higher than the industry average. Remember to compare this figure with the industry average to see how efficient the organization really is in using its total assets. On the other hand, a low asset turnover ratio could indicate inefficiency in using assets, suggesting problems with the company’s inventory management, sales generation, or asset acquisition strategies. It could also mean that the company is asset-heavy and may not be generating adequate revenue relative to the assets it owns.

None of us could even think about starting a competitor of Verizon because of the investment it would require to build out the assets in order to operate. Because telecommunication companies require a heavy asset load to operate and generate revenue. Think about the amount of equipment, cabling, hardware, etc… it takes for Verizon to build out their wireless network. But, when it comes to evaluating how well company is utilizing its assets, these are only general guidelines.

What is the total asset turnover ratio? The meaning of the total asset turnover formula

For this reason, it’s important to make sure that you’re comparing financial ratios to similar companies in order to get an accurate interpretation of the management team and operating results. If you don’t manage your accounts payable process efficiently, your business could experience a number of negative total asset turnover formula ramifications. For a start, if you don’t have a clear picture of how much money you owe to vendors and suppliers, it’s impossible to gain any real insight into your company’s overall financial health. Always dive deeper and determine why the asset ratio stands where it is for each company you’re analyzing.

The fixed asset ratio formula focuses on how efficiently a company utilizes its fixed assets, such as real estate, plant, and equipment, to generate sales turnover ratio revenue. A higher fixed asset turnover ratio indicates effective utilization of these long-term assets, which can lead to improved profitability. On the other hand, the current asset turnover ratio assesses how well a company employs its current assets, like cash, inventory, and accounts receivable, to generate sales. The asset turnover ratio measures the efficiency of a company’s assets in generating revenue or sales.

And such ratios should be viewed as indicators of internal or competitive advantages (e.g., management asset management) rather than being interpreted at face value without further inquiry. The asset turnover ratio may be artificially deflated when a company makes large asset purchases in anticipation of higher growth. Likewise, selling off assets to prepare for declining growth will artificially inflate the ratio. Also, many other factors (such as seasonality) can affect a company’s asset turnover ratio during periods shorter than a year.

The outcome of 0.53 means that for every $1 of assets, $0.53 of net sales are generated. Over time, Clear Lake Sporting Goods would like to see this turnover ratio increase. This means that Company A’s assets generate 25% of net sales, relative to their value. In other words, every £1 in assets generates 25 cents in net sales revenue.

For the final step in listing out our assumptions, the company has a PP&E balance of $85m in Year 0, which is expected to increase by $5m each period and reach $110m by the end of the forecast period. One critical consideration when evaluating the ratio is how capital-intensive the industry that the company operates in is (i.e., asset-heavy or asset-lite). Hence, it is often used as a proxy for how efficiently a company has invested in long-term assets. Yarilet Perez is an experienced multimedia journalist and fact-checker with a Master of Science in Journalism.

The Motley Fool reaches millions of people every month through our premium investing solutions, free guidance and market analysis on, top-rated podcasts, and non-profit The Motley Fool Foundation. To assess whether your company’s asset turnover is high or low, you should only ever compare yourself with companies from the same industry. Registration granted by SEBI, membership of BASL (in case of IAs) and certification from NISM in no way guarantee performance of the intermediary or provide any assurance of returns to investors. The examples and/or scurities quoted (if any) are for illustration only and are not recommendatory.

That said, a higher ratio typically indicates that the company is more efficient in using its assets to generate sales. Companies with low profit margins tend to have high asset turnover ratios, while those with high profit margins usually have lower ratios. A company that generates more revenue from its assets is operating more efficiently than its competitors and making good use of its capital. A low asset turnover ratio suggests the company holds excess production capacity or has poor inventory management. Asset turnover ratios differ between industry sectors, making it crucial to compare only companies within the same sector. For instance, retail or service sector companies typically have smaller asset bases but generate higher sales volumes, resulting in higher average asset turnover ratios.